AMAZING FINDING #1 – KARTAGENER SYNDROME


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This post should probably fall under Amazing Findings, because until yesterday, I had no idea someone could have his or her organs reversed or in a mirrored state ….. Hian!! This is what my average nigerian would refer to as the works of the people that fly at night from the person’s village.
Anyways, I came about this finding while reading for a major paediatric test on respiratory diseases which I had today.
P.S I totally aced it! Can I get a whoop whoop, I’ve just been kicking ass…Glory! Ben Carson, watch out! Lol..

Situs inversus is a congenital condition where a person is born with their visceral organs in the reversed or “mirrored” condition to what most of the population consider normal (situs solitus). For instance, the heart is on the right side of the chest instead of the left. The appendix is on the left instead of the right, you’d think on the left side you’d be operating on the lung with 2 lobes only to open up and find it has 3 lobes, I guess this further stresses the importance of the patient’s anamnesis. It is a rare condition and exists in less than 1 in 10,000 people.

So what happens here is; bearing in mind that it’s a congenital disorder, if you are in the medical line or you know stuff on the normal functioning of the human system, you may be wondering, what’s the connection between respiration and situs inversus? Here’s the really long but interesting part, we “to-be medical practitioners and medical practitioners alike” call it, the mechanism or the pathophysiology of its development, the connection is, according to wikipedia, 25% of individuals with situs inversus have an underlying condition known as PCD (primary ciliary dyskinesia) and those with PCD have a 50% chance of developing situs inversus, now if they do, they are said to have Kartagener syndrome which is characterised by the triad of situs inversus, chronic sinusitis and bronchiectasis.

People that have situs inversus present unusual medical problems, for instance, appendicitis can go undiagnosed because the appendix will be on the opposite side of the body, the liver edge would also be palpated on the left instead of the right making organ transplants especially of the heart way more complicated as organs from normal donors must be fitted in such a way that everything hooks up in a weird kind of right, which is now unique to the congenital peculiarity of that person.
Situs inversus is generally not fatal as many people live with the condition and never know it, although others still have complications unique to their condition. With that said, Randy Foye, is an American basketball player in the NBA living very well with no distinguishable signs of situs inverus.

Writing this post was interesting as it was educative, hope y’all were informed through this post. I hope I get to meet a patient with situs inversus.
Expect to read more amazing findings I’d discover on my medical school journey.
N.B. All the awesome to-be medical doctors and medical practitioners in the house feel free to email (omoleye90@yahoo.com) a post of any amazing medical findings you think might tickle our fancy.
Have an awesome week. πŸ™‚

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5 thoughts on “AMAZING FINDING #1 – KARTAGENER SYNDROME

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